Bylaws of the Section for Anthropological Sciences
A Section of the American Anthropological Association (AAA)

Article I. Name and Purposes
Section 1. The Section shall be known as the Section for Anthropological Sciences, hereinafter referred to as SAS.
Section 2. The mission of the Section for Anthropological Sciences (SAS) is to promote the development and use of rigorous, replicable, and transparent standards of evidence and analysis in the conduct of anthropological studies.  To meet these aims SAS sponsors scholarly meetings, publications, workshops, and related activities; promotes the dissemination of anthropological knowledge within the scientific community and to the general public; encourages active student participation; and facilitates student incorporation into the professional research community.
Section 3.  SAS may engage in publishing and program activities, appoint editors, committees and other agents, and set publication and program policies appropriate to its purposes.
Section 5. SAS shall adopt and maintain bylaws consistent with the bylaws of the American Anthropological Association (AAA).
Article II. Membership
Section 1. Membership in SAS is open to any member of the AAA, who shares the concerns of SAS, upon payment of dues.  
Section 2. A Member in good standing shall be eligible to hold elective or appointive office, participate in the scientific program, receive publications, and have one vote in nominating and electing officers and in the transaction of SAS business.
Section 3.  Any person in arrears in the payment of dues shall lose all membership privileges.
Section 4. The Executive Board shall set the annual dues of membership and may establish rates for special categories.

Article III. Governance
Section 1. Governance of SAS shall be vested in the members and the Executive Board.
Section 2. The officers of SAS shall be elected as provided in these bylaws.
Section 3. The Executive Board of SAS, shall, subject to provisions in the AAA Bylaws,
have the authority, subject to general directions and limitations imposed by the members, to execute on behalf of SAS all powers and functions of SAS as defined by these Bylaws;
in the event of a vacancy in any elected or appointed office, shall have the power to make interim appointments to the office until the next regular election.
Section 4.  The Executive Board shall review the dues of SAS at least every three years and report its findings to the membership.
Section 5. The Executive Board shall meet at least once each year and, at the call of the President, may hold additional meetings as required.

Article IV. Officers
Section 1. The officers of SAS will be a President, President-elect, Past-President, Secretary, and Treasurer.
Section 2. The President shall be the presiding officer of SAS and chairperson of the Executive Board. The president shall be the representative to the Section Assembly, and, should SAS be entitled, serve on the Executive Board of the AAA.
Section 3. The President-Elect serves as Vice President.  The President-elect shall assume the duties of the President in the event of absence, death, resignation or incapacity of the President, and shall succeed to the office of President at the conclusion of the President's term of office.
Section 3. The Secretary shall have charge of the records of SAS.
Section 4. The Treasurer shall have charge of the financial affairs of SAS.
Section 5. The term of office of all officers shall be two years, commencing at the conclusion of the Annual Meeting of the AAA.
Section 6.  Any officer may succeed him/herself in office for one consecutive term.
Section 7.  The Board may appoint a webmaster/listserve editor and an Anthropology News Editor.

ARTICLE V. Executive Board
Section 1. There shall be an Executive Board consisting of the officers, three Members at-Large, and two student members elected from the membership of SAS.
Section 2. Subject to directives and limitations imposed by the members of SAS and the AAA Bylaws, the Executive Board shall have the authority to execute on behalf of SAS all powers and functions defined in these bylaws and to establish policies and procedures.
Section 3. The Executive Board shall meet at least once annually, at the time of the Annual Meeting and may meet additionally on the call of the President or a majority vote of the Executive Board.
Section 4. Members-at-Large will serve three year terms, one Member-at-Large elected each year.
Section 5.  Student members elected to the Executive Board shall serve two years, one member elected each year.
Section 6.  The Executive Board may appoint committees as necessary to conduct business.

Article VI. Nomination and Elections
Section 1. Candidates for any elective office may be nominated by the Executive Board of SAS, by a Nominations Committee, or by Members (including self-nominations). All candidates shall be Members in good standing of SAS.
Section 2. A Nominations Committee of three (3) Members shall be appointed annually by the Executive Board of SAS.
Section 3. The Nominations Committee shall nominate at least one person for each vacant office. These nominations shall be made known to Members prior to elections.

Article VII. Referenda
Section 1. Any matters of business of SAS may be decided by means of a referendum vote by mail ballot. Email or website ballots are to be accepted as equal to mail ballots.
Section 2. A referendum vote may be held at any time upon the initiation of the Executive Board or by a signed petition to the Executive Board by twenty members.
Section 3. Balloting on a referendum vote cannot be concluded less than thirty days after notice of the referendum has been provided to the members, by mail (or email) and the website.  

Article VIII. Balloting
Section 1. A member in good standing is entitled to cast one ballot in any election or referendum.
Section 2. The President will notify candidates of the results of the election.  
Section 3. The candidate receiving the most votes in an election shall be elected. Any tie will be resolved within 90 days and reported to the membership.

Article IX. Quorum
Section 1. Twenty members in good standing shall constitute a quorum for transacting business at the Annual Business Meeting.
Section 2. A quorum of the Executive Board shall consist of a majority of its membership.

Article X. Finances
Section 1. The fiscal year of the Section shall be that of the AAA.
Section 2. The Section may assess dues and /or charges for particular services, and may establish special funds, the collection and expenditures of which will be administered by the AAA Executive Office for purposes the Section may designate.
Section 3. The Section shall submit an annual operating budget to the AAA which, when approved, shall govern Section activities.
Section 4. The income from annual dues and other sources shall constitute the Working Fund, available for operations, publication, and current expenses consistent with the purposes of the Section as the Board may determine.
Section 5. No financial obligation in excess of funds available in the treasury shall be committed by the Board of Directors or by any officer on behalf of the Section except that for the purpose of this section, estimated receipts from annual dues and other accounts receivable for the current year may be considered as available funds.
Section 6. The Section may establish special funds to be administered by the AAA for purposes the Section may designate.

Article XI. Meetings
Section 1. SAS shall hold an Annual Business Meeting at the Meetings of the AAA.
Section 2. The President of SAS shall preside over the Business Meeting.
Section 3. The Executive Board of SAS shall appoint a Program Chair and Co-Chair who shall organize the scientific program of SAS in conjunction with the Executive Board and subject to the approval of the Executive Board.

Article XII. Annual Report
Section 1. At the time of the Annual Business Meeting of SAS, the Executive Board shall report its activities to the membership. The report shall include the reports of Officers, committees, and other agents.
Section 2. The Executive Board shall report its activities to the AAA Executive Board according to AAA requirements. 

Article XV. Amendment to Bylaws
Section 1. The Bylaws may be amended by a two-third majority of the members voting.
Section 2. Amendments may be proposed by the Executive Board or by a majority vote at the Annual Business Meeting. The proposed amendments shall be included in a ballot publicized to the members of SAS, and must be voted upon no less than thirty (30) days from the date they were publicized.
Section 3. The amendments and provisions of the Bylaws shall be effective immediately upon adoption and shall supersede and nullify all previous enactments in conflict with them.

Article XVI. Communication

  1. Communication may be through the SAS Listserve, website, Anthropology News column, or postal mail, according to the preference of the Executive Board.